Information Collection Rule (ICR)
Since the mid-70's, Giardia,
Cryptosporidium and Enteric Viruses
have threatened both public and private water supplies.
Giardia lamblia was
introduced into the U.S. in the mid 1970's with travel to Russia.
This microorganism is a Protazoan that causes acute gastroenteritis.
Waterborne outbreaks are being reported with increasing frequency
and have often been called Camper's Diarrhea due to it's presence
in the wild animal population. Recent evidence also shows that
it may be transmitted through the food supply. The organism is
spread through the cyst phase which is not killed by chlorination
of water for drinking purposes, but may be removed by filtration.
Quinacrine HCL (Atrabine) is considered the drug of choice for
Cryptosporidium parvum is
a tiny Protazoan that causes diarrhea and enterocolitis. Transmission
has been linked with oocyst (chlorine resistnat resting phase)
contamination of drinking water supplies primarily from the fecal
material of calves and lambs. Filtration is necessary for removal
of the organism. This infection may be fatal for the AIDS or immunosuppressed
patient as there is currently no effective treatment.
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- Public Water Suppliers Tests